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Bachelor of Commerce B.Com 1st Semester
Principles of Financial Accounting
Paper: BCM-105

Time Allowed: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 80

 

Note:-

Attempt any FOUR questions from Section-A and any

TWO questions each from Section-B and Section-C.

 

SECTION-A (5 Marks each)

I. X consigned 100 cycles costing Rs. 150 each to his agent Y. Expenses incurred in sending them were Rs. 1,000. On the way 5 cycles were damaged. Y took the delivery of rest and incurred direct expenses of Rs. 285 and indirect expenses of Rs. 150. You are required to calculate the abnormal loss and the value of closing stock at the end, if Y sells away 80 cycles.


II. The following items are found in the Trial Balance of Mr. X on December 31, 2016 :


Sundry Debtors                   Rs. 16,000

Bad debts                            Rs. 400


He wishes to create a provision for bad and doubtful debts @ 5% and write off further Rs. 200 as bad.

Pass Journal entries in the books of Mr. X.


III. Total capital of partners A, B and C was Rs. 1,20,000 on the date of dissolution. Their profit sharing ratio was 3 : 2:4 and capital ratio was 15: 7: 8. Prepare a statement of surplus capital.


IV. Following purchases were made by a business house having three departments :

Department A - 1000 units

Department B - 2000 units

Department C - 2400 units

at a total price of Rs. 1,00,000.

The selling price of department A is Rs. 20 per unit; department B is Rs. 22.50 per unit and department C is Rs. 25 per unit. Each department yields the same rate of gross profit. Calculate purchase price of each department.


V. Distinguish between Royalty and Rent.

VI. Explain the meaning and significance of the Matching Concept



SECTION—B (15 Marks each)

VII. What do you mean by Accounting Conventions ? How it differs from accounting concepts ? Explain the conventions followed in the preparation of financial statements.  2+3+10


VIII. What is the meaning of Departmental Accounts ? Distinguish Departmental Accounts and Branch Accounts. Explain the basis of allocation of expenses of various departments.    2+5+8


IX. From the following Trial Balance of Mr. A prepare Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ended December 31, 2016 and Balance Sheet as on that date after giving effect to the under mentioned adjustments :

 



(1) The manager of Mr. A is entitled to commission @ 10% of the net profit calculated after charging such commission.


(2) Increase bad debts by Rs. 600. Provision for doubtful debts to be 10% and provision for discount on debtors @ 5%.


(3) Stock valued at Rs. 1,500 destroyed by fire on 25-12-2016 but the insurance company admitted a claim for Rs. 950 only.


(4) Rs. 200 out of advertising expenses are to be carried forward to next year.


(5) Value of closing stock as on 31-12-2016 was Rs. 8,500.


X. Chandigarh Stores Ltd. With its head office in Chandigarh invoiced goods to its branch at Delhi at 20% less than the list price which is cost plus 100% with instructions that Cash Sales were to be made at the invoice price and Credit Sales at catalogue price (i.e. list price). From the following particulars available from the branch, prepare Branch Stock Account, Branch Adjustment Account and Branch Profit and Loss Account for the year ending 31st December, 2016 :



SECTION-C (15 Marks each)

XI. What is Joint Venture ? Distinguish it from partnership. Give the various Journal Entries to be passed in case where separate set of books are maintained for recording joint venture transactions.   2,5,8



XII. Write notes on the following: -

(a) Recoupment of short workings

(b) Sub-lease

(C) Nazrana and its accounting treatment.          5,5,5



XIII. A of Amritsar consigned goods costing Rs. 93,000 to B of Batala at proforma invoice price of which is cost plus one-sixth profit on selling price. A paid insurance and other forwarding charges amounting to Rs. 7,510. B was allowed Rs. 1,500 per annum being the establishment cost; 8% commission on gross sales. He was also allowed 10% of the net profit as extra commission after charging such commission. B paid Rs. 1502 as landing charges. On June 30, 2017 the position was : Threefourths of goods were sold at a profit of 33% on cost-half of which were credit sales. One-sixth of the goods consigned were destroyed by fire and claim lodged with the insurance company for Rs. 17,000. Insurance company admitted the claim for Rs. 15,000. Show the Consignment Account, Consignee Account and Abnormal Loss Account in the books of A. Goods were Consigned on January 1, 2017. A closes his books on June 30, every year. 9.3,3


XIV. A, B and C commenced business on Jan. 1, 2015 with Capitals of Rs. 50,000, Rs. 40,000 and Rs. 30,000 respectively. Profits and losses were shared in the ratio of 4:3:3. Capitals carried interest at 10% per annum. During 2015 and 2016, the firm made profits of Rs. 35,000 and Rs. 45,000 (before allowing interest on Capital). Drawings of each partner were Rs. 12,000 per year.


On December 31, 2016 the firm was dissolved. Creditors on that date were Rs. 19,000. The assets realised Rs. 1,30,000 net. Give the necessary accounts to close the books of the firm.





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